Wednesday, November 11, 2009

Koobface Botnet's Scareware Business Model - Part Two

UPDATED - Wednesday, November 18, 2009: A new update is pushed to the hundreds of thousands infected hosts, which is now performing the redirection using dynamically generated .swf files, with every page using the same title "Wonderful Video". The redirection is also a relatively static process.

For instance, if the original koobface redirector is koobface.infected.host/301, followed by the .swf redirection it will output koobface.infected.host/301/?go.

New redirectors and scareware domains pushed within the past few hours include - everlastmovie .cn - Email: gmk2000@yahoo.com; smile-life .cn - Email: gmk2000@yahoo.com ; harry-pott .cn - Email: gmk2000@yahoo.com, beprotected9 .com - Email: essi@calinsella.eu and antivir3 .com - Email: essi@calinsella.eu.

UPDATED - Tuesday, November 17, 2009: Koobface is resuming scareware (Inst_312s2.exe) operations at 91.212.107.103 which was taken offline for a short period of time. ISP has been notified again, action should be taken shortly. The current domain portfolio including new ones parked there: 

ereuqba .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
eqoxyda .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
evouga .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
edivuka .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
ebeama .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
kebugac .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
eqoabce .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
kixyhce .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
cecyde .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
evybine .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
eqaone .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
dyqunre .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
byzivte .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
dovzyag .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
ebeozag .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
cafgouh .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
kebfoki .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
ebogumi .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
dyzani .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
dybapi .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
dusyti .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
dutsyvi .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
dutfij .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
bysivak .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
eqiovak .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com

cecxoyk .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
dyqkuam .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
edamym .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
eqibuym .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
ducyqan .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
duzebyn .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
etyawjo .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
cerdiko .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
erauso .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
etuacwo .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
etuexyp .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
etywuq .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
ebejar .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
ebiuhas .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
dozabes .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
eqoybu .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
eviyzru .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
evaopsu .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
ebaetu .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
dytrevu .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
eboezu .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
eruqav .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
eqoumiv .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
epuneyv .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
etykauw .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
ebeoxuw .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
eqidax .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
evaolux .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
cafropy .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
etyupy .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
kebquty .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
cakevy .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
eqouwy .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
epuvyiz .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com 

UPDATED - Monday, November 16, 2009: The Koobface gang is pushing a new update, followed by a new portfolio of scareware redirectors and actual scareware serving domains.

New portfolio of redirectors parked at 91.213.126.250:
befree2 .cn - Email: gmk2000@yahoo.com
scandinavianmall .cn - Email: admin@calen.be 
densityoze .cn - Email: admin@calen.be
moored2009 .cn - Email: cael@newstile.it
pica-pica .cn - Email: cael@newstile.it
stroboscopicmovie .cn - Email: cael@newstile.it
comedienne .cn - Email: admin@calen.be
densityoze .cn - Email: admin@calen.be
furorcorner .cn - Email: cael@newstile.it
ionisationtools .cn - Email: guzimi@brendymail.de
wax-max .cn - Email: cael@newstile.it
plate-tracery .cn - Email: guzimi@brendymail.de
little-bitty .cn - Email: admin@calen.be
night-whale .cn - Email: admin@calen.be
scary-scary .cn - Email: gmk2000@yahoo.com

Second redirectors portfolio at 91.213.126.102:
disorganization000 .cn - Email: guzimi@brendymail.de
rainbowlike .cn - Email: HuiYingTsui@airways.au
skewercall .cn - Email: HuiYingTsui@airways.au
wegenerinfo .cn - Email: guzimi@brendymail.de
kangaroocar .cn - Email: HuiYingTsui@airways.au
pericallis .cn - Email: HuiYingTsui@airways.au
treasure-planet .cn - Email: guzimi@brendymail.de
genusbiz .cn - Email: HuiYingTsui@airways.au

Currently pushing scareware from primescan1 .com - 83.133.124.149; 91.213.126.103; 83.133.119.84; 85.12.24.13. Sampled scareware phones back to windowsupdate8 .com/download/timesroman.tif - 88.198.105.145 and angle-meter .com/?b=1 (safewebnetwork .com) - 92.48.119.36.

More scareware domains are parked on the same IPs:
yourantivira7 .com - Email: j.wirth@smsdetective.com - detection rate
web-scanm .com - Email: essi@calinsella.eu - detection rate
yourantivira3 .com (wwwsecurescana1 .com) - Email: j.wirth@smsdetective.com
primescan8 .com
online-check-v11 .com
antivir-scan1 .com - Email: contact@armadastate.us
antispy-scan1 .com - Email: contact@armadastate.us
primescan1 .com
checkforspyware2 .com - Email: admin@calen.be
pc-antispyware3 .com - Email: contact@spaintours.com
premium-protection6 .com - Email: contact@spaintours.com
antivir7 .com - Email: admin@maternitycloth.eu
online-check-v7 .com
beprotected8 .com - Email: admin@maternitycloth.eu
pc-antispyware9 .com - Email: contact@spaintours.com
online-check-v9 .com
checkfileshere .com - Email: admin@calen.be
scanfileshere .com - Email: admin@calen.be
antivir-scano .com - Email: contact@armadastate.us
check-files-now .com - Email: admin@calen.be
antivir-scanz .com - Email: contact@armadastate.us
antispy-scanz .com - Email: contact@armadastate.us

ISP's contributing the the monetization of Koobface have been notified.

UPDATE: 91.212.107.103 has been taken offline courtesy of Blue Square Data Group Services Limited -- previous cooperation took place within a 3 hour period -- with the Koobface gang migrating scareware operations to 93.174.95.191 (AS29073 ECATEL-AS , Ecatel Network) and 188.40.52.181; 188.40.52.180 - (AS24940, HETZNER-AS Hetzner Online AG RZ) - ISPs have been notified.

The .info scareware domain portfolio will be suspended within the next 24 hours.

Ali Baba and the 40 thieves LLC a.k.a my Ukrainian "fan club", the one with the Bahama botnet connection, the recent malvertising attacks connection, and the current market leader of black hat search engine optimization campaigns, has been keeping themselves busy over the past couple of weeks, continuing to add additional layers of legitimacy into their campaigns (bit.ly redirectors to blogspot.com accounts leading to compromised hosts), proving that if a cybercrime enterprise wants to, it can run its malicious operations on the shoulders of legitimate service providers using them as "virtual human shield" in order to continue its operations without fear of retribution.

Over the past two weeks, the Koobface gang once again indicated that it reads my blog, "appreciates" the ways I undermine the monetization element of their campaigns, and next to redirecting Facebook's entire IP space to my blog, they've also, for the first time ever, moved from using my name in their redirectors, to typosquatting it.

For instance, the -- now suspended -- Koobface domain pancho-2807 .com is registered to Pancho Panchev, pancho.panchev@gmail.com, followed by rdr20090924 .info registered to Vancho Vanchev, vanchovanchev@mail.ru. As always, I'm totally flattered, and I'm still in a "stay tuned" mode for my very own branded scareware release - the Advanced Pro-Danchev Premium Live Mega Professional Anti-Spyware Online Cleaning Cyber Protection Scanner 2010.

It's time to summarize some of the Koobface gang's recent activities, establish a direct connection with the Bahama botnet, the Ukrainian dating scam agency Confidential Connections whose botnet operations were linked to money-mule recruitment scams, with active domains part of their affiliate network parked at a Koobface-connected scareware serving domains, followed by the fact that they're all responding to an IP involved in the ongoing U.S Federal Forms themed blackhat SEO campaign. It couldn't get any uglier.

As of recently the gang has migrated to a triple-layer of legitimate infrastructure, consisting of bit.ly redirectors, leading to automatically registered Blogspot account which redirect to Koobface infected hosts serving the Koobface binary and the redirecting to a periodically updated scareware domain. Here are some of the domains involved.

Ongoing campaing dynamically generating bit.ly URLs redirecting to automatically registered Blogspot accounts, using the following URLs:
bit.ly /VumFK -> drbryanferazzoli .blogspot.com
bit.ly /lJcK3 -> toyetoyebalnaja .blogspot.com
bit.ly /3mFyzs -> raimeishelkowitz .blogspot.com
bit.ly /2wuSPj -> kelakelamccovery .blogspot.com
bit.ly /2Pnn8l -> pattyedevero .blogspot.com
bit.ly /2wuSPj -> kelakelamccovery .blogspot.com
bit.ly /1HDmbm -> malinegainey-green. blogspot.com
bit.ly /2xf5vB -> advaadvarukuni .blogspot.com
bit.ly /3mFyzs -> raimeishelkowitz .blogspot.com
bit.ly /2xf5vB -> advaadvarukuni .blogspot.com
bit.ly /46pcCI -> paulangelogaetano .blogspot.com
bit.ly /1HDmbm -> malinegainey-green .blogspot.com
bit.ly /3JZsDD -> derieuwsdarrius .blogspot.com
bit.ly /lJcK3 -> toyetoyebalnaja .blogspot.com
bit.ly /2h7XRU -> shunnarahamandla .blogspot.com
bit.ly /3JZsDD -> derieuwsdarrius .blogspot.com
bit.ly /3Zj98G -> schubachmarquis .blogspot.com
bit.ly /1sXgRH -> nicnicmiralles .blogspot.com
bit.ly /3eijza -> froneksaxxon .blogspot.com
bit.ly /1I3rr7 -> attreechappy .blogspot.com
bit.ly /2m3wP4 -> bilsboroughkebrom .blogspot.com
bit.ly /30wcJn -> raheelanucci .blogspot.com
bit.ly /2U7jYM -> orvelorvelblues .blogspot.com
bit.ly /1CWOlZ -> kondrackinehemias .blogspot.com
bit.ly /2m3wP4 -> bilsboroughkebrom .blogspot.com
bit.ly /1qbXsi -> lizzamottymotty .blogspot.com
bit.ly /79ONz -> rayvongonsalves .blogspot.com
bit.ly /22Jyex -> klaartjebjorgvinsson .blogspot.com
bit.ly /p07jC -> humphriesteelateela .blogspot.com
bit.ly /2lpZXx -> kalandraaleisha .blogspot.com

The Blogspot accounts consist of a single post of automatically syndicated news item, which compared to previous campaign which relied on 25+ Koobface infected IPs directly embedded at Blogspot itself, this time relies on a single URL which attempts to connect to any of the Koobface infected IPs embedded on it. The currently active campaign redirects to rainbowlike cn/?pid=312s02&sid=4db12f, which then redirects to the scareware domain secure-your-files .com, with the sample phoning back to forbes-2009 .com/?b=1s1 - 113.105.152.230, with another domain parked there activate-antivirus .com - Email: support@personal-solutions.com.

Time to expose the entire portfolio of scareware domains pushed by the gang, and offer some historical OSINT data on their activities which were not publicly released until enough connections between multiple campaigns were established.Which ISPs are currently offering hosting services for the scareware domains portfolio pushed by the Koobface gang? The current portfolio is parked at 206.217.201.245 (AS36351 SOFTLAYER Technologies Inc. surprise, surprise!); 212.117.174.19 (AS44042 ROOT eSolutions surprise, surprise part two) and at 91.212.226.155 (AS44042 ROOT eSolutions).

Scareware redirectors parked at 91.213.126.102:
rainbowlike .cn - Email: HuiYingTsui@airways.au
authorized-payments .com - Email: degrysemario@googlemail.com
poltergeist2000 .cn - Email: nfrank@flamcon.com.cn
sestiad2 .cn - Email: PietroToscani@celli.it
uninformed2 .cn - Email: PietroToscani@celli.it
retrocession2 .cn - Email: PietroToscani@celli.it
unimpressible3 .cn - Email: PietroToscani@celli.it
uncrown3 .cn - Email: PietroToscani@celli.it
sneak-peak .cn - Email: info@Milwaukee911.com
cellostuck .cn - Email: info@Milwaukee911.com
stinkingthink .cn - Email: nfrank@flamcon.com.cn
skewercall .cn - Email: HuiYingTsui@airways.au
be-spoken .cn - Email: info@Milwaukee911.com
transmitteron .cn - Email: nfrank@flamcon.com.cn
kangaroocar .cn - Email: HuiYingTsui@airways.au
pericallis .cn - Email: HuiYingTsui@airways.au
exponentials .cn - Email: info@Milwaukee911.com
triforms .cn - Email: info@Milwaukee911.com
outperformoly .cn - Email: nfrank@flamcon.com.cn
genusbiz .cn - Email: HuiYingTsui@airways.au

Scareware domains parked at 206.217.201.245; 212.117.174.19 and 91.212.226.155:
anti-malware-scan-for-you .com - Email: information@brunter.sw
available-scanner .com - Email: m.smith@Recruiters.com
bewareofspyware .com - Email: m.smith@Recruiters.com
defender-scan-for-you .com - Email: information@brunter.sw
defender-scan-for-you3 .com - Email: informatio@belize.ca
foryoumalwarecheck .com - Email: information@brunter.sw
friends-protection .com - Email: m.smith@Recruiters.com
further-scan .com - Email: m.smith@Recruiters.com
goodonlineprotection .com - Email: info@time.co.uk
good-scans .com - Email: m.smith@Recruiters.com
guidetosecurity3 .com - Email: info@time.co.uk
howtocleanpc2 .com - Email: admin@gnar-star.com
howtoprotectpc3 .com - Email: admin@gnar-star.com
howtosecure2 .com - Email: admin@gnar-star.com
howtosecurea .com - Email: admin@gnar-star.com
how-to-secure-pc2 .com - Email: admin@gnar-star.com
protection-secrets .com - Email: info@time.co.uk
scan-for-you .com - Email: information@brunter.sw
scannerantimalware2 .com
scannerantimalware4 .com
scannerantimalware6 .com
secure-your-data0 .com - Email: spradlin@carrental.com
secure-your-files .com - Email: spradlin@carrental.com
security-guide5 .com - Email: JohnnySMcmillan@yahoo.com
security-info1 .com - Email: JohnnySMcmillan@yahoo.com
security-tips3 .com - Email: info@time.co.uk
security-tools4 .com - Email: JohnnySMcmillan@yahoo.com
webviruscheck1 .com
webviruscheck-4 .com
webviruscheck5 .com

Let us further expand the portfolio by listing the newly introduced scareware domains at 91.212.107.103, which was first mentioned in part one of the Koobface Botnet's Scareware Business Model as a centralized hosting location for the gang's portfolio.

Scareware domains parked at 91.212.107.103:
g-antivirus .com - Email: mhbilate@gmail.com
generalantivirus com - Email: compalso@gmail.com
general-antivirus .com - Email: abuse@domaincp.net.cn
general-av .com - Email: mhbilate@gmail.com
generalavs .com - Email: mhbilate@gmail.com
gobackscan .com - Email: alcnafuch@gmail.com
gobarscan .com - Email: jowimpee@gmail.com
godeckscan .com - Email: quetotator@gmail.com
godirscan .com - Email: momorule@gmail.com
godoerscan .com - Email: geofishe@gmail.com
goeachscan .com - Email: momorule@gmail.com
goeasescan .com - Email: geofishe@gmail.com
gofatescan .com - Email: alcnafuch@gmail.com
gofowlscan .com - Email: stinfins@gmail.com
gohandscan .com - Email: quetotator@gmail.com
goherdscan .com - Email: jowimpee@gmail.com
goironscan. com - Email: aloxier@gmail.com
gojestscan. com - Email: jowimpee@gmail.com
golimpscan. com - Email: stinfins@gmail.com
golookscan. com - Email: stinfins@gmail.com
gomendscan. com - Email: gleyersth@gmail.com
gomutescan. com - Email: momorule@gmail.com
gonamescan. com - Email: geofishe@gmail.com

goneatscan .com - Email: momorule@gmail.com
gopickscan. com - Email: momorule@gmail.com
gorestscan. com - Email: quetotator@gmail.com
goroomscan. com - Email: gleyersth@gmail.com
gosakescan. com - Email: stinfins@gmail.com
goscanadd. com - Email: momorule@gmail.com
goscanback .com - Email: alcnafuch@gmail.com
goscanbar .com - Email: jowimpee@gmail.com
goscancode .com - Email: geofishe@gmail.com
goscandeck. com - Email: geofishe@gmail.com
goscandir. com - Email: crschuma@gmail.com
goscandoer .com - Email: crschuma@gmail.com
goscanease. com - Email: crschuma@gmail.com
goscanfowl. com - Email: stinfins@gmail.com
goscanhand. com - Email: quetotator@gmail.com
goscanherd. com - Email: jowimpee@gmail.com
goscanjest. com - Email: jowimpee@gmail.com
goscanlike. com - Email: geofishe@gmail.com
goscanlimp. com - Email: stinfins@gmail.com
goscanmend .com - Email: gleyersth@gmail.com
goscanname. com - Email: crschuma@gmail.com
goscanneat .com - Email: crschuma@gmail.com
goscanpick. com - Email: crschuma@gmail.com

goscanref. com - Email: quetotator@gmail.com
goscanrest .com - Email: quetotator@gmail.com
goscanroom .com - Email: gleyersth@gmail.com
goscansake. com - Email: stinfins@gmail.com
goscanslip. com - Email: jowimpee@gmail.com
goscansole .com - Email: crschuma@gmail.com

goscantoil. com - Email: jowimpee@gmail.com
goscantrio. com - Email: crschuma@gmail.com
goscanxtra. com - Email: crschuma@gmail.com
gosolescan. com - Email: geofishe@gmail.com
gotoilscan. com - Email: jowimpee@gmail.com
gotrioscan. com - Email: momorule@gmail.com
gowellscan. com - Email: stinfins@gmail.com
goxtrascan. com - Email: momorule@gmail.com
iantiviruspro .com - Email: broderma@gmail.com
iantivirus-pro .com - Email: feetecho@gmail.com
ia-pro .com - Email: abuse@domaincp.net.cn
iav-pro .com - Email: mcgettel@gmail.com
in5ch .com - Email: getoony@gmail.com
in5cs .com - Email: getoony@gmail.com
in5ct .com - Email: phounkey@gmail.com
in5id .com - Email: getoony@gmail.com
in5it .com - Email: phounkey@gmail.com
in5iv .com - Email: phounkey@gmail.com
in5st .com - Email: getoony@gmail.com
inavpro .com - Email: thdunnag@gmail.com
scanatom6 .com - Email: sckimbro@gmail.com
windoptimizer .com - Email: wousking@gmail.com
wopayment .com - Email: broderma@gmail.com
woptimizer .com - Email: broderma@gmail.com

cafropy .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
cakevy .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
dotqyuw .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
dovnaji .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
dovzyag .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
dozabes .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
ducyqan .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
duvaba .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
duvegy .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
duwbiec .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
duxsoez .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
duzebyn .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
dybapi .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
dyqkuam .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
dyqunre .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
dytrevu .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
dyzani .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
ebaetu .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
ebeoxuw .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
ebeozag .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
edoqeg .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
epuneyv .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
epuvyiz .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com

eqadozu .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
eqaofed .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
eqaone .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
eqayweh .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
eqibuym .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
eqidax .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
eqiovak .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
eqoabce .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
eqoumiv .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
erauso .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
ereuqba .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
erujale .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
eruqav .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
esuteyb .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
etuacwo .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
etuexyp .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
etyawjo .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
etykauw .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
evaolux .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
evaopsu .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
keturma .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
kevsopi .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
kijxayt .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
kiluxso .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
kipuxo .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
kirdabe .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
kiwraux .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com
kixyhce .cn - Email: spscript@hotmail.com

adjudg .info - Email: deciable@gmail.com
afront .info - Email: calexing@gmail.com
anprun .info - Email: deciable@gmail.com
apalet .info - Email: deciable@gmail.com
argier .info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
asbro .info - Email: recuscon@gmail.com
atquit .info - Email: recuscon@gmail.com
atwain .info - Email: deciable@gmail.com
bagse .info - Email: calexing@gmail.com
bedaub .info - Email: jaohra@gmail.com
bedrid .info - Email: magoetzim@gmail.com
beeves .info - Email: piproux@gmail.com
besort .info - Email: jaohra@gmail.com
bettev .info - Email: recuscon@gmail.com
bettre .info - Email: phvandiv@gmail.com
birnam .info - Email: jaohra@gmail.com
botled .info - Email: deciable@gmail.com
brawns .info - Email: calexing@gmail.com
brisky .info - Email: recuscon@gmail.com
camlet .info - Email: enomman@gmail.com
caretz .info - Email: piproux@gmail.com
cheir .info - Email: jaohra@gmail.com
cuique .info - Email: calexing@gmail.com
daphni .info - Email: calexing@gmail.com

deble .info - Email: bebrashe@gmail.com
debuty .info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
declin. info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
devicel .info - Email:stthatch@gmail.com
dislik. info - Email: krharbou@gmail.com
dolchi. info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
dolet. info - Email: magoetzim@gmail.com
dolet. info - Email: magoetzim@gmail.com
droope .info - Email: deciable@gmail.com
empery .info - Email: phvandiv@gmail.com
engirt .info - Email: jaohra@gmail.com
eratile .info - Email: magoetzim@gmail.com
erpeer .info - Email: deciable@gmail.com
evyns. info - Email: magoetzim@gmail.com
exampl .info - Email: krharbou@gmail.com
extrip .info - Email: piproux@gmail.com
fatted .info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
fedar. info - Email: phvandiv@gmail.com
fifthz .info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
figgle .info - Email: deciable@gmail.com
fliht .info - Email: krharbou@gmail.com
fosset .info - Email: deciable@gmail.com
freckl .info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
freiny. info - Email: krharbou@gmail.com

froday. info - Email: deciable@gmail.com
fulier. info - Email: deciable@gmail.com
gaudad .info - Email: enomman@gmail.com
gelded. info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
gicke .info - Email: magoetzim@gmail.com
girded .info - Email: jaohra@gmail.com
goterm .info - Email: calexing@gmail.com
guiany. info - Email: krharbou@gmail.com
haere .info - Email: deciable@gmail.com
hilloa. info - Email: phvandiv@gmail.com
holdit. info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
hownet .info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
ignomy. info - Email: jaohra@gmail.com
implor. info - Email: jaohra@gmail.com
inclin. info - Email: grattab@gmail.com
inquir .info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
jorgan .info - Email: bebrashe@gmail.com
kedder .info - Email: enomman@gmail.com
knivel .info - Email: deciable@gmail.com
krapen .info - Email: deciable@gmail.com
lavolt .info - Email: jaohra@gmail.com
lavyer .info - Email: bebrashe@gmail.com

lequel .info - Email: acjspain@gmail.com
lowatt .info - Email: krharbou@gmail.com
meanly.info - Email: krharbou@gmail.com
meyrie.info - Email: piproux@gmail.com
midid .info - Email: magoetzim@gmail.com
miloty .info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
mobled .info - Email: magoetzim@gmail.com
monast. info - Email: phvandiv@gmail.com
moont. info - Email: magoetzim@gmail.com
narowz .info - Email: enomman@gmail.com
nevils .info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
nnight .info - Email: piproux@gmail.com
nroof .info - Email: krharbou@gmail.com
numben .info - Email: deciable@gmail.com
obsque .info - Email: jaohra@gmail.com
octian .info - Email: jaohra@gmail.com
odest. info - Email: phvandiv@gmail.com
onclew .info - Email: phvandiv@gmail.com
orifex .info - Email: krharbou@gmail.com
orodes .info - Email: deciable@gmail.com
outliv .info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com

pante .info - Email: jaohra@gmail.com
pasio .info - Email: jaohra@gmail.com
pittie. info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
plamet .info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
plazec. info - Email: bebrashe@gmail.com
potinz. info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
pplay. info - Email: jaohra@gmail.com
pretia .info - Email: krharbou@gmail.com
quoifs. info - Email: enomman@gmail.com
qward. info - Email: enomman@gmail.com
raught .info - Email: piproux@gmail.com
realfly .info - Email: phvandiv@gmail.com
reglet. info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
rogero .info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
sallut. info - Email: deciable@gmail.com
sawme .info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
scarre .info - Email: enomman@gmail.com
scrowl. info - Email: enomman@gmail.com
sigeia. info - Email: krharbou@gmail.com
sighal. info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
speen. info - Email: enomman@gmail.com
spelem .info - Email: bebrashe@gmail.com
spinge. info - Email: krharbou@gmail.com
squach. info - Email: krharbou@gmail.com

stampo. info - Email: enomman@gmail.com
steepy. info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
strawy. info - Email: jaohra@gmail.com
suivez. info - Email: krharbou@gmail.com
sundery .info - Email: phvandiv@gmail.com
surnam. info - Email: krharbou@gmail.com
swoln. info - Email: acjspain@gmail.com
swoons .info - Email: enomman@gmail.com
taulus. info - Email: jaohra@gmail.com
tenshy. info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
tented. info - Email: deciable@gmail.com
ticedu. info - Email: enomman@gmail.com
tithed. info - Email: bebrashe@gmail.com
topful. info - Email: jaohra@gmail.com
unclin. info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
undeaf. info - Email: enomman@gmail.com
unowed. info - Email: enomman@gmail.com
unwept. info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
usicam. info - Email: stthatch@gmail.com
vagrom. info - Email: bebrashe@gmail.com
veldun. info - Email: jaohra@gmail.com
vipren. info - Email: calexing@gmail.com
voided. info - Email: krharbou@gmail.com
volsce. info - Email: krharbou@gmail.com
washy. info - Email: phvandiv@gmail.com
wincot. info - Email: enomman@gmail.com
wiving. info - Email: enomman@gmail.com
wooer. info - Email: jaohra@gmail.com
xonker. info - Email: jaohra@gmail.com 

Historical OSINT of Koobface scareware activity over a period of two weeks
The following is a snapshot of Koobface scareware activity during the last two weeks, establishing a direct connection between the Koobface botnet, the ongoing blackhat SEO campaigns, the Bahama botnet with scareware samples modifying HOSTS files, and an Ukrainian dating scam agency where the gang appears to be part of an affiliate network.

Scareware samples pushed by Koobface, with associated detection rates:
mexcleaner .in - Email: niclas@i.ua
safetyscantool .com - 62.90.136.237 - Email: Suzanne.R.Muniz@trashymail.com
stabilitytoolsonline .com - Email: Brent.I.Purnell@pookmail.com
securitytestnetonline .com - 62.90.136.237 - Email: Dianne.T.Whitley@pookmail.com
securityprogramguide .com - Email: Kiyoko.T.Johnson@mailinator.com
cheapsecurityscan .com - Email: Kevin.L.Linkous@trashymail.com
securitycheckwest .com; webbiztest .com - Email: Ruthie.R.Wilcox@mailinator.com
securitycodereviews .com - 62.90.136.237 - Email: Darwin.L.Mcgowan@trashymail.com
netmedtest .com - 62.90.136.237 - Email: Irene.D.Snow@trashymail.com
toolsdirectnow .com - Email: Frank.J.Bullard@trashymail.com
(ratspywawe .in; wqdefender .in; pivocleaner .in; mexcleaner .in; sapesoft .in; alsoft .in; samosoft .in; jastaspy .in; lastspy .in; felupdate .info; inkoclear .info; drlcleaner .info; tiposoft .info; fkupd .eu; piremover .eu; igsoft .eu; sersoft .eu) - detection rate

Download locations of the actual scareware binary used over the past two weeks:
0ni9o1s3feu60 .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
6j5aq93iu7yv4 .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
mf6gy4lj79ny5 .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
84u9wb2hsh4p6 .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
6pj2h8rqkhfw7 .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
7cib5fzf462g8 .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
7bs5nfzfkp8q8 .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
kt4lwumfhjb7a .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
q2bf0fzvjb5ca .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
rncocnspr44va .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
t1eayoft9226b .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
4go4i9n76ttwd .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
kzvi4iiutr11e .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
hxc7jitg7k57e .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
mfbj6pquvjv8e .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
mt3pvkfmpi7de .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
fb7pxcqyb45oe .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
fyivbrl3b0dyf .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
z6ailnvi94jgg .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
ue4x08f5myqdl .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
p7keflvui9fkl .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
gjpwsc5p7oe3m .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
f1uq1dfi3qkcm .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
7mx1z5jq0nt3o .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
3uxyctrlmiqeo .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
p0umob9k2g7mp .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
od32qjx6meqos .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
bnfdxhae1rgey .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com
7zju2l82i2zhz .cn - Email: robertsimonkroon@gmail.com

What's the deal with the historical OSINT and why wasn't this data communicated right away? Keep reading.

The Bahama Botnet Connection
During September, the folks at ClickForensics made an interesting observation regarding my Ukrainian "fan club" and the ad revenue stealing/click-fraud committing botnet Bahama - some of the scareware samples were modifying the HOSTS file and presenting the victim with "one of those cybecrime-friendly search engines" stealing revenue in the process.

Once the connection was also established by me at a later stage, data released in regard to the New York Times malvertising attack once again revealed a connection between all campaigns - the very same domains used to serve the scareware, were also used in a blackhat SEO campaign which I analyzed a week before the incident took place. Basically, the scareware pushed by the Koobface botnet, as well as the scareware pushed by the blackhat SEO campaigns maintained by the gangs is among the several propagation approaches used for the DNS records poisoning to take place:

"However, in the case of the Bahama Botnet, this DNS translation method gets corrupted.  The Bahama botnet malware causes the infected computer to mistranslate a domain name.  Instead of translating “Google.com” as 74.125.155.99, an infected computer will translate it as 64.86.17.56. That number doesn’t represent any computer owned by Google.  Instead, it represents a computer located in Canada.  When a user with an infected machine performs a search on what they think is google.com, the query actually goes to the Canadian computer, which pulls real search results directly from Google, fiddles with them a bit, and displays them to the searcher.  

Now the searcher is looking at a page that looks exactly like the Google search results page, but it’s not.  A click on the apparently “organic” results will redirect as a paid click through several ad networks or parked domains — some complicit, some not.  Regardless, cost per click (CPC) fees are generated, advertisers pay, and click fraud has occurred."

The 64.86.17.56 mentioned is actually AS30407 (Velcom), which has also been used in recent campaigns.

ISP and domain registrars have been notified, action should be taken shortly. What was particularly interesting to observe was scareware pushed by the Koobface botnet phoning back to its well known urodinam .net/8732489273.php domain, was also modifying the HOSTS file in the following way. Sample HOSTS modification of scareware (MD5: 0x0FBF1A9F8E6E305138151440DA58B4F1) pushed by Koobface:
89.149.210.109 www.google.com
89.149.210.109 www.google.de
89.149.210.109 www.google.fr
89.149.210.109 www.google.co.uk
89.149.210.109 www.google.com.br
89.149.210.109 www.google.it
89.149.210.109 www.google.es
89.149.210.109 www.google.co.jp
89.149.210.109 www.google.com.mx
89.149.210.109 www.google.ca
89.149.210.109 www.google.com.au
89.149.210.109 www.google.nl
89.149.210.109 www.google.co.za
89.149.210.109 www.google.be
89.149.210.109 www.google.gr
89.149.210.109 www.google.at
89.149.210.109 www.google.se
89.149.210.109 www.google.ch
89.149.210.109 www.google.pt
89.149.210.109 www.google.dk
89.149.210.109 www.google.fi
89.149.210.109 www.google.ie
89.149.210.109 www.google.no
89.149.210.109 search.yahoo.com
89.149.210.109 us.search.yahoo.com
89.149.210.109 uk.search.yahoo.com


Sample HOSTS modification of scareware (MD5: 0x0FBF1A9F8E6E305138151440DA58B4F1) pushed by blackhat SEO:
74.125.45.100 4-open-davinci.com
74.125.45.100 securitysoftwarepayments.com
74.125.45.100 privatesecuredpayments.com
74.125.45.100 secure.privatesecuredpayments.com
74.125.45.100 getantivirusplusnow.com
74.125.45.100 secure-plus-payments.com
74.125.45.100 www.getantivirusplusnow.com
74.125.45.100 www.secure-plus-payments.com
74.125.45.100 www.getavplusnow.com
74.125.45.100 www.securesoftwarebill.com
74.125.45.100 secure.paysecuresystem.com
74.125.45.100 paysoftbillsolution.com
64.86.16.97 google.ae
64.86.16.97 google.as
64.86.16.97 google.at
64.86.16.97 google.az
64.86.16.97 google.ba
64.86.16.97 google.be
64.86.16.97 google.bg
64.86.16.97 google.bs
64.86.16.97 google.ca
64.86.16.97 google.cd
64.86.16.97 google.com.gh
64.86.16.97 google.com.hk
64.86.16.97 google.com.jm
64.86.16.97 google.com.mx
64.86.16.97 google.com.my
64.86.16.97 google.com.na
64.86.16.97 google.com.nf
64.86.16.97 google.com.ng
64.86.16.97 google.ch
64.86.16.97 google.com.np
64.86.16.97 google.com.pr
64.86.16.97 google.com.qa
64.86.16.97 google.com.sg
64.86.16.97 google.com.tj
64.86.16.97 google.com.tw
64.86.16.97 google.dj
64.86.16.97 google.de
64.86.16.97 google.dk
64.86.16.97 google.dm
64.86.16.97 google.ee


64.86.16.97 google.fi
64.86.16.97 google.fm
64.86.16.97 google.fr
64.86.16.97 google.ge
64.86.16.97 google.gg
64.86.16.97 google.gm
64.86.16.97 google.gr
64.86.16.97 google.ht
64.86.16.97 google.ie
64.86.16.97 google.im
64.86.16.97 google.in
64.86.16.97 google.it
64.86.16.97 google.ki
64.86.16.97 google.la
64.86.16.97 google.li
64.86.16.97 google.lv
64.86.16.97 google.ma
64.86.16.97 google.ms
64.86.16.97 google.mu
64.86.16.97 google.mw
64.86.16.97 google.nl
64.86.16.97 google.no
64.86.16.97 google.nr
64.86.16.97 google.nu
64.86.16.97 google.pl
64.86.16.97 google.pn
64.86.16.97 google.pt
64.86.16.97 google.ro
64.86.16.97 google.ru


64.86.16.97 google.rw
64.86.16.97 google.sc
64.86.16.97 google.se
64.86.16.97 google.sh
64.86.16.97 google.si
64.86.16.97 google.sm
64.86.16.97 google.sn
64.86.16.97 google.st
64.86.16.97 google.tl
64.86.16.97 google.tm
64.86.16.97 google.tt
64.86.16.97 google.us
64.86.16.97 google.vu
64.86.16.97 google.ws
64.86.16.97 google.co.ck
64.86.16.97 google.co.id

64.86.16.97 google.co.il
64.86.16.97 google.co.in
64.86.16.97 google.co.jp

64.86.16.97 google.co.kr
64.86.16.97 google.co.ls
64.86.16.97 google.co.ma
64.86.16.97 google.co.nz
64.86.16.97 google.co.tz
64.86.16.97 google.co.ug
64.86.16.97 google.co.uk
64.86.16.97 google.co.za
64.86.16.97 google.co.zm
64.86.16.97 google.com


The historical OSINT paragraph mentioned that several of the scareware domains pushed during the past two weeks were responding to 62.90.136.237. This very same 62.90.136.207 IP was hosting domains part of an Ukrainian dating scam agency known as Confidential Connections earlier this year, whose spamming operations were linked to a botnet involved in money mule recruitment activities.

For the time being, the following dating scam domains are responding to the same IP:
healthe-lovesite .com - Email: potenciallio@safe-mail.net
love-isaclick .com - Email: potenciallio@safe-mail.net
love-is-special .com - Email: potenciallio@safe-mail.net
only-loveall .com - Email: potenciallio@safe-mail.net
and-i-loveyoutoo .com - Email: potenciallio@safe-mail.net
andiloveyoutoo .com - Email: menorst10@yahoo.com
romantic-love-forever .com - Email: potenciallio@safe-mail.net

love-youloves .com - Email: potenciallio@safe-mail.net
love-galaxys .com - Email: potenciallio@safe-mail.net
love-formeandyou .com - Email: potenciallio@safe-mail.net
ifound-thelove .net - Email: potenciallio@safe-mail.net
findloveon .net - Email: wersers@yahoo.com
love-isexcellent .net - Email: potenciallio@safe-mail.net

Could it get even more malicious and fraudulent than that? Appreciate my thetoric. The same email (potenciallio@safe-mail.net) that was used to register the dating scam domains was also used to register exploit serving domains at 195.88.190.247, participate in phishing campaigns, and register a money mule recruitment site for the non-existent Allied Insurance LLC. (Allied Group, Inc.).

Now that's a multi-tasking underground enterprise, isn't it? The ISPs have been notified, domains suspension is pending.

Related posts:
Koobface Botnet Redirects Facebook's IP Space to my Blog
New Koobface campaign spoofs Adobe's Flash updater
Social engineering tactics of the Koobface botnet
Koobface Botnet Dissected in a TrendMicro Report
Koobface Botnet's Scareware Business Model
Movement on the Koobface Front - Part Two
Movement on the Koobface Front
Koobface - Come Out, Come Out, Wherever You Are
Dissecting Koobface Worm's Twitter Campaign
Dissecting the Koobface Worm's December Campaign
Dissecting the Latest Koobface Facebook Campaign 
The Koobface Gang Mixing Social Engineering Vectors

This post has been reproduced from Dancho Danchev's blog.